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Version: v2.x

Postgres functions

Introduction

Postgres functions allow you to customize your database schema by defining a set of operations that can include several statements such as declarations, assignments and conditional workflows. Postgres functions are similar to views but allow more procedural computations and can take arguments. SQL functions are also referred to as stored procedures.

Note

For more information on Postgres functions, please refer to the Postgres documentation.

Examples

Searching articles

We can create the following function that we can call later to search articles based on the input text argument search.

CREATE FUNCTION search_articles(search text)
RETURNS SETOF article AS $$
SELECT *
FROM article
WHERE
title ilike ('%' || search || '%')
OR content ilike ('%' || search || '%')
$$ LANGUAGE sql STABLE;

Let's break this function apart:

  • Function name: search_articles
  • Parameters: there is one parameter where search is the name and text is the type
  • Return type: SETOF article
  • Function body: Block from SELECT until the end of the WHERE clause
  • Language: The response is returned in the sql language

Postgres functions & Hasura

Postgres functions can be exposed in Hasura's GraphQL schema as a top-level field or as a computed field for a table. They are typically used for performing custom business logic in the database.

Refer to Custom SQL functions and Computed fields for more use cases and for instructions on how to create and expose Postgres functions in Hasura.