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Version: v2.x

Hasura GraphQL Engine on Google Cloud Platform with Kubernetes engine and Cloud SQL


This is a guide on deploying the Hasura GraphQL Engine on the Google Cloud Platform using Kubernetes engine to run Hasura and PostgreSQL backed by Cloud SQL.


The Actions mentioned below can be done using the Google Cloud Console and the gcloud CLI. But, for the sake of simplicity in documentation, we are going to use gcloud CLI, so that commands can be easily copy-pasted and executed.

Once the CLI is installed, initialize the SDK:

gcloud init

Create a Google Cloud Project

A Google Cloud Project is used to group together resources. We'll create a project called hasura for this guide.

gcloud projects create hasura

Create a Google Cloud SQL Postgres instance

Create a Cloud SQL Postgres instance called hasura-postgres in the us-west2 region.

gcloud sql instances create hasura-postgres --database-version POSTGRES_9_6 \
--cpu 1 --memory 3840MiB --region us-west2 --project hasura

Once the instance is created, set a password for the default postgres user. Make sure you substitute [PASSWORD] with a strong password.

gcloud sql users set-password postgres --instance hasura-postgres \
--password [PASSWORD] --project hasura

Create a Kubernetes Cluster

Before creating the cluster, we need to enable the Kubernetes engine API. Visit the below link in a browser to enable the API. Replace hasura at the end of the URL with your project name, in case you're not using the same name. Note that, you will need a billing account added to the project to enable the API.

Once the API is enabled, create a new Kubernetes cluster called hasura-k8s in the us-west2-a zone with 1 node.

gcloud container clusters create hasura-k8s --zone us-west2-a \
--num-nodes 1 --project hasura

Set up Cloud SQL Proxy Credentials

In order to connect to the Cloud SQL instance, we need to set up a proxy that will forward connections from Hasura to the database instance. For that purpose, the credentials to access the instance need to be added to the cluster.

Create a service account and download the JSON key file by following this guide.

Or if you're overwhelmed with that guide, ensure the following:

  1. Enable Cloud SQL Admin API for your project.
  2. Create a new Service Account.
  3. Select Cloud SQL Admin as the role.
  4. Click Create Key to download the JSON file.

Create a Kubernetes secret with this JSON key file; replace [JSON_KEY_FILE_PATH] with the filename including the complete path of the download JSON key file.

kubectl create secret generic cloudsql-instance-credentials \

Create another secret with the database username and password (use the [PASSWORD] used earlier):

kubectl create secret generic cloudsql-db-credentials \
--from-literal=username=postgres --from-literal=password=[PASSWORD]

Deploy the Hasura GraphQL Engine

Download the deployment.yaml file:


Get the [INSTANCE_CONNECTION_NAME] using the following command and note it down.

gcloud sql instances describe hasura-postgres \
--format="value(connectionName)" --project hasura

Edit deployment.yaml and replace [INSTANCE_CONNECTION_NAME] with this value. It should look like hasura:us-west2:hasura-postgres if you've followed this guide without modifying any names.

Create the deployment:

kubectl apply -f deployment.yaml

Ensure the pods are running:

kubectl get pods

If there are any errors, check the logs of the GraphQL Engine:

kubectl logs deployment/hasura -c graphql-engine

Expose GraphQL Engine


Now that we have Hasura running, let's expose it on an IP using a LoadBalancer.

kubectl expose deploy/hasura \
--port 80 --target-port 8080 \
--type LoadBalancer

Open the Hasura Console

Wait for the external IP to be allocated, check the status using the command below. It usually takes a couple of minutes.

kubectl get service

Once the IP is allocated, visit the IP in a browser and it should open the Console.


Let's expose Hasura with Ingress. Create service:

apiVersion: v1
kind: Service
app: hasura
name: hasura
- protocol: TCP
port: 80
targetPort: 8080
app: hasura
type: NodePort

Create Managed Certificate:

kind: ManagedCertificate
name: hasura-cert

Create Ingress:

apiVersion: extensions/v1beta1
kind: Ingress
name: basic-ingress
annotations: 'hasura-cert'
- host:
- backend:
serviceName: hasura
servicePort: 80


Check the status for pods to see if they are running. If there are any errors, check the logs of the GraphQL Engine:

kubectl logs deployment/hasura -c graphql-engine

You might also want to check the logs for cloudsql-proxy:

kubectl logs deployment/hasura -c cloudsql-proxy

The username and password used by Hasura to connect to the database comes from a Kubernetes secret object cloudsql-db-credentials that we created earlier.

Tearing down

To clean up the resources created, just delete the Google Cloud Project:

gcloud projects delete hasura