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Version: v2.x

Migrations & Metadata Introduction

Hasura needs two pieces of information which work together to describe your Hasura setup

  • Migrations - Representing the underlying database schema.
  • Metadata - Describing the exposed Hasura GraphQL API and all other configuration.

Hasura Migrations

Keep track of your database schema over time.

Hasura Migrations are a SQL representation of the state of your database schema which can be used to keep track of, update, roll-back or move your schema using the Hasura CLI.

They are automatically generated in a series of Unix nanosecond timestamped directories consisting of up.sql and down.sql files in pure SQL syntax, which describe to Hasura Server both how to create, (up.sql) and how to roll back (down.sql) each of your database changes step-by-step.

When these files are committed to version control, your database schema state can be kept in-sync with your codebase.

When used in combination with CI/CD, changes to your database schema can automatically and elegantly be applied to your app's development, staging or production versions.

Example migrations directory created with the Hasura CLI:

📂 migrations
└─ 📂 default
└─ 📂 1654696186008_init
└─ 📄 up.sql
└─ 📂 1654698227514_create_table_public_address
├─ 📄 down.sql
└─ 📄 up.sql

Hasura Metadata

The configuration of your Hasura Server

Hasura Metadata is a representation of the configuration of the Hasura Server. From actions to databases and their tables, to permissions, event triggers and API limits, everything regarding the config of the Hasura Server is represented in Metadata.

Metadata can also be tracked with version control, allowing your Hasura Metadata to be kept in-sync with your code and database schema changes.

The state of Hasura Metadata is managed via snapshots of the state of the Hasura Server Metadata configuration. These snapshots can be applied as a whole, using the Hasura CLI to the Hasura Server.

Example metadata directory created with the Hasura CLI:

📂 metadata
├─ 📂 databases
│ ├─ 📂 default
│ │ └─ 📂 tables
│ │ ├─ 📄 public_address.yaml
│ │ ├─ 📄 public_author.yaml
│ │ ├─ 📄 public_article.yaml
│ │ └─ 📄 tables.yaml
│ └── 📄 databases.yaml
├─ 📄 actions.graphql
├─ 📄 actions.yaml
├─ 📄 allow_list.yaml
├─ 📄 api_limits.yaml
├─ 📄 cron_triggers.yaml
├─ 📄 graphql_schema_introspection.yaml
├─ 📄 inherited_roles.yaml
├─ 📄 network.yaml
├─ 📄 query_collections.yaml
├─ 📄 remote_schemas.yaml
├─ 📄 rest_endpoints.yaml
└─ 📄 version.yaml

Config versions

Migrations and Metadata follow their own versioning scheme separate to the that of the Hasura Server and CLI. This documentation is for the latest Hasura Migrations config v3, supported from v2.0.0-alpha.1. (See upgrade guide).

For config v2, see Migrations (config v2). For config v1, see Migrations (config v1).


Setting up migrations

See Setting up Hasura Migrations.