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Version: v2.x

Postgres: Action to Database Relationships

Introduction

Action relationships allow you to join data across tables and actions. Once you create relationships between types from your database and types created from actions, you can then "join" them by running GraphQL queries.

Actions are a way to extend Hasura’s schema with custom business logic using custom queries and mutations. The resolvers for these custom fields are written in REST endpoints. They are especially useful for setting up serverless functions as resolvers.

Create an action relationship

Step 0: Create an action

Create an action either from scratch or derived from an existing mutation.

Step 1: Define and create the relationship

The following values can be defined for an action relationship:

  • Relationship type: Select a type of relationship.
    • Object relationship: For one-to-one relationships.
    • Array relationship: For one-to-many relationships.
  • Relationship name: Create a name for the relationship.
  • Reference schema: Select a reference schema from your database.
  • Reference table: Select a table from your database.
  • From: Select a field returned in the action response.
  • To: Select a column from the reference table to join the field to.

In this example, we're creating a relationship for the createUser action. We're creating a relationship called user, from the id field returned in the action response, to the id column of the users table.

  • Head to the Actions -> [action-name] -> Relationships tab.

  • Click Add a relationship.

    Opening the action relationship section
  • In the section opened by the above step, fill out the following fields and hit Save.

    Defining the relationship

Step 2: Explore with GraphiQL

In the API tab, test out your action relationship.

GraphiQL
Query Variables
Request Headers

If your table has an existing remote relationship, you can also query the fields from the remote schema.

GraphiQL
Query Variables
Request Headers

In the Remote schema relationships section, we joined our users table with a remote Auth0 schema. Here, we're able to get the Auth0 profile data of the user returned from our action.