Event trigger payload


The following is the payload and delivery mechanism of an event to the webhook when an event trigger is invoked.

HTTP request method

Delivered over HTTP POST with the following headers:

Content-Type: application/json

JSON payload

  "event": {
      "session_variables": <session-variables>,
      "op": "<op-name>",
      "data": {
          "old": <column-values>,
          "new": <column-values>
  "created_at": "<timestamp>",
  "id": "<uuid>",
  "trigger": {
      "name": "<name-of-trigger>"
  "table":  {
      "schema": "<schema-name>",
      "name": "<table-name>"
Key Type Description
session-variables Object or NULL Key-value pairs of session variables (i.e. “x-hasura-*” variables) and their values (NULL if no session variables found)
op-name OpName Name of the operation. Can only be “INSERT”, “UPDATE”, “DELETE”, “MANUAL”
column-values Object Key-value pairs of column name and their values of the table
timestamp String Timestamp at which event was created
uuid String UUID identifier for the event
name-of-trigger String Name of the trigger
schema-name String Name of the schema for the table
table-name String Name of the table

In case of:

    • event.data.old will be null
    • event.data.new will contain the insert row
    • event.data.old will be values before the update
    • event.data.new will contain the values after the update
    • event.data.old will contain the row that is deleted
    • event.data.new will be null
    • event.data.old will be null
    • event.data.new will contain the current row


In case of UPDATE, the events are delivered only if new data is distinct from old data. The composite type comparison is used to compare the old and new rows. If rows contain columns, which cannot be compared using <> operator, then internal binary representation of rows by Postgres is compared.

For example:

  "id": "85558393-c75d-4d2f-9c15-e80591b83894",
  "created_at": "2018-09-05T07:14:21.601701Z",
  "trigger": {
      "name": "test_trigger"
  "table": {
      "schema": "public",
      "name": "users"
  "event": {
      "session_variables": {
          "x-hasura-role": "admin",
          "x-hasura-allowed-roles": "['user', 'boo', 'admin']",
          "x-hasura-user-id": "1"
      "op": "INSERT",
      "data": {
        "old": null,
        "new": {
            "name": "john doe"

Syntax definitions


  "column1": "value1",
  "column2": "value2",



Webhook response structure

A 2xx response status code is deemed to be a successful invocation of the webhook. Any other response status will be deemed as an unsuccessful invocation which will cause retries as per the retry configuration.

It is also recommended that you return a JSON object in your webhook response.

Retry-After header

If the webhook response contains a Retry-After header, then the event will be redelivered once more after the duration (in seconds) found in the header. Note that the header will be respected only if the response status code is non-2xx.

The Retry-After header can be used for retrying/rate-limiting/debouncing your webhook triggers.