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Table

Prerequisite

  • MS SQL Server
  • SQL Server Management Studio
  • Create a Database

CREATE table

CREATE is a T-SQL DDL command.

Syntax

CREATE TABLE <table_name> (
<column_name> data_type constraints
...
)

where,

  • table_name: Name of the table to be created
  • column_name: Column(attribute) name
  • data_type: SQL data type
  • constraints: MSSQL constraints to enforce data integrity

Example:

USE HASURA; /*Connect to the database*/
CREATE TABLE EMPLOYEE (
EMP_ID INT PRIMARY KEY,
EMP_NAME VARCHAR(40) NOT NULL,
DEPT_ID INT
)
GO

output:

Commands completed successfully.

In the Object Explorer window, refresh and view the employee table created under the Hasura database.

INSERT data into the table

INSERT is a T-SQL command of type DML.

Syntax

INSERT INTO <table_name> VALUES (
);

Insert single row

USE HASURA;
INSERT INTO EMPLOYEE VALUES (
1,'DB2',100
);
GO

The values entered must correspond to the sequence of the columns.

Insert multiple rows

List the names of the columns and enter the values in the order of the column names listed in the INSERT statement.

INSERT INTO EMPLOYEE(emp_id, dept_id, emp_name)
VALUES
(2, 101, 'MYSQL'),
(6, 110, 'MSSQL'),
(4, 101, 'ORACLE');
GO

DROP table

The DROP command (DDL) removes the data table and the table's structure from the database.

Syntax

DROP TABLE [IF EXISTS] <table_name>;
GO

IF EXISTS: First checks if the table exists then drop the table.

Without this keyword if the table does not exist, an error is thrown: Cannot drop the table 'EMPLOYEE', because it does not exist or you do not have permission.

Example:

USE HASURA;
DROP TABLE IF EXISTS EMPLOYEE;
GO

The SELECT query on the 'EMPLOYEE' table will result in an error: "Invalid object name 'EMPLOYEE'".

TRUNCATE table

The TRUNCATE is a DDL T-SQL command. This is used to delete the data in a table, but the structure of the table remains.

USE HASURA
TRUNCATE TABLE EMPLOYEE;
GO

The SELECT query on the 'EMPLOYEE' table will display the structure of the table 'EMPLOYEE' with no rows in it. table structure remains

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